From: Gary LaMotta
"Ahasuerus" vs "Artaxerxes" -- you mention that this might be a variation in spelling and give "Esther" as a reference. The fact is that the original book of Esther (Septuagint) version specifically has Esther married to Artaxerxes I. If you check Josephus, he also has Esther married to Artaxerxes I, the "SON OF XERXES." Since this later conflicted with canonical Ezra/Nehemiah the name was corrected to "Ahasuerus." The change was deliberate and not misunderstood. The book is not inspired though it eventually got into the canon.
Kings of Persia -- I have a variation of this interpretation and that is the Bible specifically names these four kings from Cyrus, which are: Cambyses (Ahasuerus), Bardiya (Artaxerxes)(Ezra 4:8) who stopped the work on the temple, and Darius I, followed by Xerxes. Thus Xerxes is the FOURTH king and as the Bible says, he did in fact fight against Greece in a big way when he invaded Greece with the largest land and naval force yet assembled. Turned out only partially successful. The next king AFTER him mentioned then skips to "Alexander" the way I understand it. The Bible doesn't specify how many kings after the FOURTH king would intervene before this next great king.
So I see clear fulfillment if the fourth king is Xerxes as the Bible specifically names.
From: Gary LaMotta
This is just to let you know of an alternative view on the fulfillment of the Messiah's coming as fulfilled by Daniel after 483 years or 69 weeks. Jesus came in 29CE which means the prophecy, based upon a lunisolar year pattern must begin in 455BC. The prophecy was to be fulfilled when the word went forth to rebiuld "Jerusalem" and that was during the reign of Cyrus. The temple certainly is not excluded as part of "Jerusalem" and there is evidence that lots of things were built including the wall and even a "castle" by the time of Nehemiah. Furthermore, Nehemiah certainly did not build a double wall around Jerusalem in just 52 days. If you check the context it would seem clear that Nehemiah just replaced the decorative stones to the outside of the wall that had fallen down and that is what took 52 days. That's why he armed the workers because this was work on the OUTSIDE of the newly built wall, completed 4 years before the temple (Ezra 4:11,12). Furthermore, many assignments were to those to repair the wall "in front of his own house" which meant these homes were ON TOP OF THE WALL..The chronology is fulfilled when you date the 1st year of Cyrus in 455BC.
Now two astronomical tablets previously used to date the fall of Jerusalem in 568BC have been discovered to have encrypted texts to the original chronology of the Neo-Babylonian period and they both date the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II as beginning in 547BC thus his 19th year in 529BC. The last deportation before the 70-year exile was in his 23rd year (525BC) which means the exile ended in 455BC, the 1st of Cyrus, when the Jews began to rebuild Jerusalem and its walls. This work began during the 7th month and the time of the "Festival of Booths" which is about the time Jesus would have began his ministry which fulfills that typology. He died 3-1/2 years later, MID-WEEK during Passover Week, which is six months from the Festival of Booths.
So the prophecy is fulfilled if you have the correct chronology.
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