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Anachronistic Concepts

On a number of occasions, the Book of Mormon introduces concepts that are historically out of time. These concepts were either introduced in the New Testament, or after the Jews were deported to Babylon, and thus after the Lehites left Jerusalem. This is significant because it supports the theory that the Book of Mormon originated in the nineteenth century. Obviously, these concepts were unknown to the early Jews, but they would have been familiar to Joseph Smith.

The Messiah
Universal Depravity
The Gospel
The Virgin Birth
Demons and Possession
The Church
The Bible

KJV Translation Errors

The Book of Mormon contains a large amount of material quoted from the Bible. This material is invariably quoted from the King James Version. Whenever the KJV contains a translation error, it also appears in the Book of Mormon, proving that the KJV was the source of these quotes, and not some ancient plates.

Isaiah 49:4
Isaiah 49:5
Isaiah 49:8
Isaiah 50:4
Isaiah 51:4
Isaiah 2:6
Isaiah 2:9
Isaiah 2:16
Isaiah 3:2
Isaiah 3:3
Isaiah 3:8
Isaiah 5:2
Isaiah 5:17
Isaiah 5:25
Isaiah 5:30
Isaiah 6:13
Isaiah 9:1
Isaiah 9:5
Isaiah 10:4
Isaiah 10:15
Isaiah 10:18
Isaiah 10:27
Isaiah 11:3
Isaiah 13:15
Isaiah 13:22
Isaiah 14:4
Isaiah 29:16
Isaiah 53:8
Matthew 23:37

Related Links
The Book of Mormon and the King James Version
Isaiah in the Book of Mormon (David P. Wright)

Anachronistic Artifacts

Since it appears that Joseph Smith simply projected his own world, and the culture of the Old Testament, into his version of American prehistory, we often find that he credits the ancient Americans with artifacts and tools that archaeology has been unable to verify.


Related Links
Book of Mormon Metallurgy
Book of Mormon Animals
Book of Mormon Crops

Anachronistic Words

There are several words and names which appear in the Book of Mormon which come from languages that were either unknown to the ancient Jews, or not yet in use.

Alpha and Omega

Related Links
Book of Mormon Names

New Testament Paraphrases

The New Testament contains a large number of quotes from the Old Testament. These quotes sometime differ from the source material, either becuase the New Testament author paraphrased the section to make a point, or because the quote came from the Septuagint, or one of the other ancient versions. On occasion, the Book of Mormon quotes and Old Testament passage using a New Testament paraphrase. This is significant, because it indicates that the author of the Book of Mormon had access to the New Testament.

John 12:40
Matthew 3:3
Acts 2:19
Acts 3:22,23
Isaiah 65:2
Romans 14:11
II Corinthians 6:17
Hebrews 7:1-3
Romans 12:19

Anachronisic Quotes

The Book of Mormon quotes a fairly large amount of material from the King James Version. In very many cases, these quotes appear long before the Bible passage itself was actually written. The obvious answer to this problem is that the Book of Mormon was written after the passage that it quotes.

Included in this topic should be New Testament quotes. Unfortunately, there are far too many to list here. The New Testament quotes are categorised, cross-referenced and listed here.

Occasionally, the Book of Mormon even quotes sections of the Bible that are now known to be forgeries - later interpolations into the biblical text. Thus, not only does the Book of Mormon quote Biblical passages before they were written - it also sometimes manages to quote passages that were never a part of the original manuscripts, but were added to the text at a later date.

Isaiah 40-66
Mark 16:9-20
I John 5:7

Related Links
The Bible in the Book of Mormon
Influenced by the KJV of the Bible

Textual Changes

There have been a vast number of textual changes between the first and subsequnt editions of the Book of Mormon. The majority of these changes involve grammar and spelling (reflecting Joseph Smith's early struggles with Jacobean English phrasing). A few changes involve the narrative of the Book of Mormon itself.

I Nephi 11:18
I Nephi 11:21
I Nephi 11:32
I Nephi 13:40
I Nephi 20:1
II Nephi 12:9
II Nephi 15:25
II Nephi 16:2
II Nephi 16:5
II Nephi 16:8
II Nephi 19:5
II Nephi 30:6
Mosiah 21:28
Alma 5:48
Alma 12:21
Alma 37:21
III Nephi 22:4
Ether 4:1

to Introduction

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