The Annotated Book of Mormon : I Nephi : 15

15:1 And it came to pass that after I, Nephi, had been carried away in the spirit, and seen all these things, I returned to the tent of my father.  
15:2 And it came to pass that I beheld my brethren, and they were disputing one with another concerning the things which my father had spoken unto them.  
15:3 For he truly spake many great things unto them, which were hard to be understood, save a man should inquire of the Lord; and they being hard in their hearts, therefore they did not look unto the Lord as they ought.  
15:4 And now I, Nephi, was 1grieved because of the hardness of their hearts, and also, because of the things which I had seen, and knew they must unavoidably come to pass because of the great wickedness of the children of men. [1] Mark 3:5: ...being grieved for the hardness of their hearts...
15:5 And it came to pass that I was overcome because of my afflictions, for I considered that mine afflictions were great above all, because of the destruction of my people, for I had beheld their fall.  
15:6 And it came to pass that after I had received strength I spake unto my brethren, desiring to know of them the cause of their disputations.  
15:7 And they said: Behold, we cannot understand the words which our father hath spoken concerning the natural branches of the olive-tree, and also concerning the Gentiles.  
15:8 And I said unto them: Have ye inquired of the Lord?  
15:9 And they said unto me: We have not; for the Lord maketh no such thing known unto us.  
15:10 Behold, I said unto them: How is it that ye do not keep the commandments of the Lord? How is it that ye will perish, because of the hardness of your hearts?  
15:11 Do ye not remember the things which the Lord hath said? --If ye will not harden your hearts, 1and ask me in faith, believing that ye shall receive, with diligence in keeping my commandments, surely these things shall be made known unto you. [1] Matthew 21:22: And all things, whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive.
15:12 Behold, I say unto you, that the house of Israel was compared unto an olive-tree, by the Spirit of the Lord which was in our father; and behold are we not 1broken off from the house of Israel, and are we not a branch of the house of Israel? [1] Romans 11:17: And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree...
15:13 And now, the thing which our father meaneth concerning the grafting in of the natural branches through the fulness of the Gentiles, is, that in the latter days, when our seed shall have dwindled in unbelief, yea, for the space of many years, and many generations after the Messiah shall be manifested in body unto the children of men, then shall the fulness of the gospel of the Messiah come unto the Gentiles, and from the Gentiles unto the remnant of our seed--  
15:14 And at that day shall the remnant of our seed know that they are of the house of Israel, and that they are the covenant people of the Lord; and then shall they know and come to the knowledge of their forefathers, and also to the knowledge of the gospel of their Redeemer, which was ministered unto their fathers by him; wherefore, they shall come to the knowledge of their Redeemer and the very points of his doctrine, that they may know how to come unto him and be saved. Despite a fairly strong missionary effort by the LDS church, the number of Native American converts is very small, which appears to make this verse a false prophecy. In addition, this verse predicts that the Native Americans will come to realise that they are the seed of Israel. Not only has this failed to happen, but it is now very evident that the Native American population are not related to the Semites in any way.
15:15 And then at that day will they not rejoice and give praise unto their everlasting God, their rock and their salvation? Yea, at that day, will they not receive the strength and nourishment from the 1true vine? Yea, will they not come unto the true fold of God? [1] John 15:1 I am the true vine...
15:16 Behold, I say unto you, Yea; they shall be remembered again among the house of Israel; they shall be grafted in, being a natural branch of the olive-tree, into the true olive-tree.  
15:17 And this is what our father meaneth; and he meaneth that it will not come to pass until after they are scattered by the Gentiles; and he meaneth that it shall come by way of the Gentiles, that the Lord may show his power unto the Gentiles, for the very cause that he shall be rejected of the Jews, or of the house of Israel.  
15:18 Wherefore, our father hath not spoken of our seed alone, but also of all the house of Israel, pointing to the covenant which should be fulfilled in the latter days; which covenant the Lord made to our father Abraham, saying: In thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed.  
15:19 And it came to pass that I, Nephi, spake much unto them concerning these things; yea, I spake unto them concerning the restoration of the Jews in the latter days.  
15:20 And I did rehearse unto them the words of Isaiah, who spake concerning the restoration of the Jews, or of the house of Israel; and after they were restored they should no more be confounded, neither should they be scattered again. And it came to pass that I did speak many words unto my brethren, that they were pacified and did humble themselves before the Lord.  
15:21 And it came to pass that they did speak unto me again, saying: What meaneth this thing which our father saw in a dream? What meaneth the tree which he saw?  
15:22 And I said unto them: It was a representation of the tree of life.  
15:23 And they said unto me: What meaneth the rod of iron which our father saw, that led to the tree?  
15:24 And I said unto them that it was the word of God; and whoso would hearken unto the word of God, and would hold fast unto it, they would never perish; neither could the temptations and the 1fiery darts of the adversary overpower them unto blindness, to lead them away to destruction. [1] Ephesians 6:16: ...the fiery darts of the wicked.
15:25 Wherefore, I, Nephi, did exhort them to give heed unto the word of the Lord; yea, I did exhort them with all the energies of my soul, and with all the faculty which I possessed, that they would give heed to the word of God and remember to keep his commandments always in all things.  
15:26 And they said unto me: What meaneth the river of water which our father saw?  
15:27 And I said unto them that the water which my father saw was filthiness; and so much was his mind swallowed up in other things that he beheld not the filthiness of the water.  
15:28 And I said unto them that it was an awful gulf, which separated the wicked from the tree of life, and also from the saints of God.  
15:29 And I said unto them that it was a representation of that awful hell, which the angel said unto me was prepared for the wicked.  
15:30 And I said unto them that our father also saw that the justice of God did also divide the wicked from the righteous; and the brightness thereof was like unto the brightness of a flaming fire, which 1ascendeth up unto God forever and ever, and hath no end. [1] Revelation 14:11: And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night...
15:31 And they said unto me: Doth this thing mean the torment of the body in the days of probation, or doth it mean the final state of the soul after the death of the temporal body, or doth it speak of the things which are temporal? The question of whether Hell is a real place, or a symbol for earthly suffering occupied the Protestant churches of Smith's day.
15:32 And it came to pass that I said unto them that it was a representation of things both temporal and spiritual; for the day should come that they must be judged of their works, yea, even the works which were done by the temporal body in their days of probation.  
15:33 Wherefore, if they should die in their wickedness they must be cast off also, as to the things which are spiritual, which are pertaining to righteousness; wherefore, they must be brought to stand before God, to be judged of their works; and if their works have been filthiness they must needs be filthy; and if they be filthy it must needs be that they cannot dwell in the kingdom of God; if so, the kingdom of God must be filthy also.  
15:34 But behold, I say unto you, the kingdom of God is not filthy, and there cannot any 1unclean thing enter into the kingdom of God; wherefore there must needs be a place of filthiness prepared for that which is filthy. [1] Ephesians 5:5: ...nor unclean person...hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.
15:35 And there is a place prepared, yea, even that awful hell of which I have spoken, and the devil is the preparator of it; wherefore the final state of the souls of men is to dwell in the kingdom of God, or to be cast out because of that justice of which I have spoken.  
15:36 Wherefore, the wicked are rejected from the righteous, and also from that tree of life, whose fruit is most precious and most desirable above all other fruits; yea, and it is the greatest of all the gifts of God. And thus I spake unto my brethren. Amen.  

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